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Overview

Soil is a non-renewable natural resource which should be judiciously used. In the recent past great advancements have been made in the field of soil sciences throughout the world including Pakistan. The Soil Survey of Punjab (formerly Soil Survey of Pakistan) is the sole organization which collected sufficient basic soils data/ inventory through reconnaissance soil surveys. Classification of Pakistani soils according to International Soil Classification Systems (USDA / FAO), as practiced by many developed and developing countries unable to take advantage of the research carried out in other counties on similar soils. 

Soil Survey is defined as identification, description, classification and mapping of soils in a given area and their evaluation for general agriculture or specified land use. The soil characteristics studied during soil survey include texture, structure, size, and arrangement of soil pores, colour, organic matter, chemical reaction, slope, periodic or permanent wetness, kind, thickness and arrangement of horizons (layers) etc. These characteristics interact to produce a response to any given land use. Published soil surveys include a text and a map which describe and show the locations of defined units with unique combination of soil characteristics.

 

Objectives

Soil Survey, comprehensive inventory of the soil resources and their proper utilization which includes:

  • To prepare soil resource inventory through reconnaissance surveys and maintain an updated database concerning the national land resources
  • To develop integrated database in digital format
  • To evaluate the land resources for various kinds of agricultural and non-agricultural development
  • To carry out detailed/ semi-detailed soil survey of project areas and evaluate the project land for specific types of utilization and development
  • To assist government and semi-govt./ non-govt. organizations in feasibility studies and preparation/ execution of agricultural development projects
  • To interpret, generate and transfer soil and land resources data to other organizations and to participate in scientific working groups to contribute to the development of scientific knowledge on land resource. Soil Survey provides services about land resource surveys, land evaluation, soil and water analysis, consultancies and training
  • To promote sustainable land use and land management for increasing agricultural production and ensuring conservation of the land resources for future generations